Advantages and Disadvantages of Mixed Farming

Mixed farming is a system of farming in agriculture, which involves the growing of crops and rearing of animals (livestock) on the same piece of land, on a particular season. This system of farming is practiced all around the world, it helps to ensure sustainable agriculture. This read will take you through the advantages and disadvantages of mixed farming.

Farmers have developed innovative strategies to make their farms work. By maximizing their space, they’ve been able to raise both crops and livestock simultaneously.  For example; a mixed farm may grow cereal like maize, wheat and also rear cattle, pig and poultry.

Mixed farming is different from mixed cropping or multiple cropping as the latter only involves the growing of different crop varieties on a farm without the presence or usefulness of farm animals.

Read also: Continuous cropping system, a bad idea?

advantages and disadvantages of mixed farming

Advantages of mixed farming

  • In mixed farming, all products are utilized.
  • Money is saved as there is reduced cost of feeding farm animals and reduced or no cost of fertilizer application.
  • If a crop does poorly in a season, the farmer can fall back on income from sales of meat, milk and eggs.
  • There’s a crop-livestock mutual relationship, both plants and animals help each other grow.
  • There is reduction in the use and need of artificial fertilizer.
  • An advantage of mixed farming is that there is an increase in productivity.
  • Less likelihood of total crop failure.
  • Weed is controlled.
  • There is reduced pest and disease infestation.

Disadvantages of mixed farming

  • There is limited capacity in the sense that a farmer who grows maize and raises dairy cattle cannot grow as much maize as the farmer who grows only maize.
  • More resources are required in caring for your crops and raising your animals.
  • Farm animals may feed on crops before harvest stage, thus resulting in loss of yield and reduction in market value.
  • This farming system does not encourage the use of a mechanized system of agriculture.
  • Over time, there is a decrease in soil nutrient, as shifting cultivation or bush fallowing isn’t practiced


Read also: See why you should be a farmer

The Bottom Line

Mixed farming is like the most practiced farming system across Africa and even the world as a whole, as this system of agriculture is very beneficial to both plants, animals and farmers. The advantages and disadvantages of mixed farming have been given above, you can simply add yours at the comment section.


    • Food security is all about the availability and accessibility of food. Mixed farming will make help improve crop yield, cause you’ll probably use waste from your animal farm as manure for plants or plants as feeds for animals… which will lead to reduction in cost of production, and easy production, which will make food available.. which is food security

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